Speech Therapy

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Below are some of the most frequently asked questions we receive. Click on the question to reveal the answer. If you have a question that is not listed here, feel free to Contact Us.

What is a speech disorder?
A speech disorder can include either articulation, phonological processes, or a motor speech impairment.

Articulation is the ability to make individual sounds, phonological processes are the patterns of speech sounds and motor speech involves oral motor skills.

A speech-language pathologist will evaluate each individual to determine what type of articulation/phonological/motor speech impairment is evident. He/she will implement evidence-based strategies to address the needs of each client.

What is a language disorder?
Language disorders can be a combination of receptive and expressive language. Receptive language disorders involve difficulty understanding or processing language. Expressive language disorders include limited vocabulary, difficulty putting words/sentences together (involving phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics), or the inability to use socially appropriate language.
Why do individuals with autism need speech-langauge therapy?
Autism is typically diagnosed at a young age. Individuals with autism function at varying levels in regards to their speech and language. A person with autism may not speak at all, they may babble, only repeat phrases, speak without intonation and prosody. These are just a few of the speech difficulties a person with autism may encounter. In regards to language, a person with autism may have difficulty with conversation skills including eye contact/gestures, and maintaining a conversation, understanding underlying meanings of words, memorizing without comprehending meaning, etc. A speech-language pathologist will collaborate with other medical professionals to intervene with evidence-based strategies to address these needs.
What is the importance of early intervention?
Children develop the majority of their speech and language skills in the first three years of life, which influences how the brain develops. Early intervention is critical as infants and young children are developing their communication and swallowing skills. Speech-language therapy should begin as soon as possible if a difficulty or impairment is evident. It is crucial to take advantage of the time when the brain is developing to ensure the most success possible.
What is Dysphagia?
Dysphagia involves difficulty with swallowing, drooling and eating and can effect all ages. Dysphagia therapy consists of texture/consistency trials, oral motor exercises including the lips, tongue, jaw, swallowing etc. to restore prior levels of functioning.
What are voice disorders?
Voice/resonance disorders include difficulty with quality, volume and/or pitch of the voice. It can cause pain and discomfort. A speech-language pathologist works in conjunction with an otolaryngologist to determine the cause and the best type of therapy for each individual.
What Does a Speech-Language Pathologist Do?
A speech-language pathologist (SLP) will obtain a client history while completing an evaluation to determine what type of impairment each individual has. The SLP will work in collaboration with other medical professionals including other SLPs in school settings. Once an evaluation is completed a plan of care/treatment will be developed with the client and/or his or her family. The plan of care/treatment will include duration, goals and the type of therapy needed for each client. The SLP will encourage the client and his or her family to participate in a home program to carry over skills that are obtained in therapy. Progress monitoring will occur throughout the duration of therapy. Once the initial goals are met, the SLP will reconvene with the client and/or his or her family and determine what other goals/areas need to be addressed.
How Do I Qualify?
Contact Outsounding to obtain an application.